wersja polska english version


υwicz is famous for its paper cut-outs, which are real glittering masterpieces. They can decorate both traditional and modern rooms but they are used mainly in rustic cabins. In the past, the cut-outs were made with shears for sheep shearing. Peasant started creating beautiful colourful cut-outs in late 19entury. At the beginning they were very simple, consisting of only one element cut out from colourful paper ( necessarily shined). They were glued on tiles and walls. Only later they were stuck on the white sheets. They are all handmade so in fact we cannot find two that are the same. In the '90es there were three main shapes formed:

KODRYKodra - rectangular cut-outs containing usually a floral pattern, typical countryside scenes as well as animals. The name "kodry" comes from the word "ko速ryn", which is a kind of wallpaper, very popular in the times of our grandparents. "Kodry" were usually places on the beams under the ceiling, on the walls between the windows or above the front door. They possessed three or one axis.

GWIOZDY - cot-outs containing usually floral, animal and anthropomorphic patterns. GwiozdaThey were made by sticking a coloured paper on a circular sheet. They were placed on beams between "kodras". Pierced cut-outs, which belong to "kodras", appeared in early 19th century. They were created by appropriate cutting one piece of paper (usually black). Having this done we could glue some colourful decorations. They had only one axis. Nowadays we can distinguish between two kinds of pierced "gwiozdas". The first one is a kind of colourful rosette with geometric designs. In the second one the most important part is a pair of birds facing each other. They stood on a flower. This kind of cut-outs was not used for decorating rooms but for sale.

TASIEMKITasiemka - they are cut-outs made from two perpendicular stripes with the same decoration. The stripes are joined at the top, sometimes by a "gwiozda", and slightly apart at the bottom. The bottom edges are embellished with colourful tassels or a pierced lace. They resemble ribbons used to decorate wedding costumes on the premises of υwicz in the end of 19th century.

Paj彗i (spiders) were also used as a decoration of a traditional rustic cabin. They were hung on the ceiling (in the centre). The first and the oldest kind of spiders are "鈍iaty". Their characteristic element is a clay ball and straw fixed into it. At the end of the straws there were colourful discs.Paj彗 The name "鈍iaty" comes from the fact that the straws were directed into all directions of the world. "Paj彗i" which have the shape of upturned pyramid were decorated with blown eggs stuck with cut-outs, "je篡ks" and balls from tissue. The most important elements were fixed to a hoop. Usually in the centre of the outer hoop where was the inner one. Sometimes we can meet a "paj彗" made only of tissue flowers and straw. Some of them were really spectacular. They were many-tiered, consisting of straw, colourful tissue and wool. They sometimes consisted of many polyhedrons joined together.

The most popular decorations were without any doubt tissue flowers, which could be found in a typical rustic cabin of υwicz. They were mostly used to decorate altars, found in a festive room. Standing bouquets were always flat. They were created from diverse flowers stuck on a twig with a wire. The altar was decoratedaltar with flowers with several pairs of bouquets standing symmetrically. The small ones were standing in the centre and the bigger ones in the corners. The cross or a statuette of Mary was decorated with a wreath of colourful roses. Pictures of saints were also decorated with usually very young flowers. The bouquets placed on the walls between the paintings were made from colourful plants. The plants were made not only from tissue, also cardboard and wire was used. Sometimes there were colourful glass balls added.

The marriagesculptures made by ‘這wiczaki’ presented mainly themes connected with the Church. Sculptors made wayside shrines with the figures of saints as well as crosses. Secular people often asked the sculptures for making some ‘pasyjka’ or ‘os鏏ka’ so that they could keep them at home at the altar. The most common saints that we can find in a rustic cabin are St John Nepomucen as well as Mary Sk瘼ska. The authors of the majority of these works remain unknown. At the end of 20 century the sculptors started gradually change their themes from sacral to more secular, for instance they started carving figures of common people and animals. One of the most outstanding artists in undoubtedly Julian Brzozowski from Srom闚.

Unfortunately Celebrate in υwicz, the folklore of υwicz is not famous for painting. Until the 20th century, there were images of saints in the rooms, bought on a country fair or painted by a familiar painter. These works were not signed so nowadays we cannot find out whom the authors were. Painters as well as other processions such as a wheelwright start vanishing.