Folk smithing flourished in the latter part of the 19th century. Smiths made not only agricultural tools but also bars, hinges, metal fittings needed for furniture, sleighs and carridges. Hinges and metal fittings in the Lublin area  had characteristic shapes of ellipse, helix or heart which were not seen anywhere else. There was also the old tradition of making crosses which were placed on wayside shrines or graves. Most crosses in our region are Latin decorated with a crescent or beams however you can also come across Orthodox ones. Along with the improvement of mass production in the 20th century the smithing art started to decay. It could be well noticed as far as artistic smithing was concerned. Smith’s services became  very limited. They only shoed horses, did some small mending or made simple tools. The demand for chandeliers, sconces or parts to mantelpiece in the cities seemed to be the only way to save the vanishing smithing art. To preserve this craft people along with local authorities started organizing smithing competitions ( Gutów 1970 ). The most gifted smiths were: Edward Bychawski z Borowa, Bronisław Pietrak z Gutanowa, Aleksander Adamczyk z Bronic i Piotr Będzisz z Łysołajów.

The Museum of Polish Smithing is situated in Wojciechów near Lublin. There are interesting exhibits from the past but you can also see numerous examples of ironmongery created by contemporary smiths.


wyk. R. Czerniec z Wojciechowa


wyk. T. Gomoła z D±browicy

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wyk. R. Czerniec z Wojciechowa